2.2.1 China Food Additives Supervision Starts Late
The management of the country's food additives started relatively late. In 1981, China began to officially administer food additives and promulgated the "Hygienic Standards for the Use of Food Additives" (GB2760). So far it has only 31 years of history. The major developed countries have a history of over a hundred years in the management of food additives. For example, Japan began to regulate food additives from the Meiji Reform period. In 2011, China promulgated a new standard for the use of food additives. Compared with the previous standard, the word “hygiene” was removed from the name and became a national food safety standard. According to the new standard, there are more than 2,300 kinds of food additives that can be used, but in the 1981 standard, only 700 kinds of food additives were allowed to be used, and the types of food additives allowed to use are gradually increasing.
2.2.2 Rapid Development of Chinese Food Additives
The development of food additives in China is relatively fast. Although there is not a long period of time for standardized management, there are many kinds of food additives in China that are already in the world's leading position in terms of output and production technology, such as monosodium glutamate, citric acid, xylose, and xylitol. Sodium saccharin, sodium cyclamate, lysine, taurine, vitamin C, vanillin, ethyl maltol, etc.
2.2.3 China's food additive industry is relatively backward
Compared with the food additive industry in major developed countries, China's food additive industry is relatively backward, mainly reflected in the following aspects. First, there are fewer types of food additives that are allowed to be used. There are more than 2,300 kinds of food additives allowed in China, and there are more than 5,000 kinds in the United States. The most conservative statement in the world is 10,000 kinds, and there are 25,000 kinds of claims. . Second, China's current level of food additives that are allowed to be used is low. Food additives are divided into high-end, mid-range, and low-grade, as well as advanced and backward. China's current situation is low-grade and backward food additives. For example, the preservative sodium benzoate allowed in soy sauce has a lower price and better antiseptic effect, but the grade is relatively low and Japan has not allowed it to be used. The reason why this kind of preservative is still in use in China The main reason is that according to the existing technology, some high-grade preservatives cannot yet be produced in China, and other high-grade preservatives have too high manufacturing costs and we are currently unable to afford them. Third, the standard system for food additives is not perfect. There are two major standards related to food additives in China. One is GB2760 "Standards for the Use of Food Additives" and the other is GB14880 "Hygienic Standards for the Use of Food Nutrition Enhancers". There are more than 2300 kinds of standards. There are more than 2,500 kinds of food additives and over 200 kinds of food nutrition enhancers. Most of these products do not have national standards. This has brought a lot of problems to management, and it has also brought hidden dangers to food safety.
2.2.4 The Development Prospect of China's Food Additives
The use and development of food additives is an objective reality that is not based on people's likes and dislikes. The modernization of Chinese traditional foods requires complementary food additives.
Our traditional foods such as steamed buns, dumplings, dumplings, etc., were made at home in the past and are now being produced by food factories. The food factory is an industrialized large kitchen. The modernization of traditional Chinese food requires ancillary food additives. Gum, beer, cola, bread, cakes, chocolate, and other foods imported from the West have added food additives from the very beginning. Our people think that this is a matter of course, but if we want to add a little food Additives seem to be difficult to accept, but regardless of their acceptance, the trend of food additives development is unstoppable. Our consumers have to adapt to this process.
2.2.5 China's Food Additives Will Maintain Rapid Development
China's food additives should adapt to the speed of China's food industry development. From 2000 to 2015, the average annual growth of China's food industry exceeds 25%. This rapid development trend needs to be maintained. At the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”, the output value of food enterprises above designated size in China exceeded 15 trillion yuan. Now that the food industry is already China's largest manufacturing industry, food additives will surely keep pace with the growth of the food industry.